Focali

Sections

Article archive

Food production and gender relations in multifunctional landscapes: a literature review

Food production and gender relations in multifunctional landscapes: a literature review

Do multifunctional landscapes hold specific opportunities for women in enhancing food production and food security? Lisa Westholm (SLU) and Madelene Ostwald (GMV) find in this literature review that products controlled by women in multifunctional settings risk being ignored in decision-making, and that increasing the value of these products might have adverse effects on women's empowerment. To remove these barriers, traditional gender roles have to change.

Agricultural and forestry trade drives large share of tropical deforestation emissions

Agricultural and forestry trade drives large share of tropical deforestation emissions

Research from Focalimembers Florence Pendrill, Martin Persson, Javier Godar and others reveal that up to 39 % of emissions from deforestation are driven by international trade, where Europe and China are major importers. In fact, a sixth of the carbon footprint of an average EU-diet is due to deforestation emissions. This calls for implementation of policy measures that cross international supply-chains if deforestation emissions are to be effectively reduced.

Not seeing the forest for the trees: The oversight of defaunation in REDD+ and global forest governance

Not seeing the forest for the trees: The oversight of defaunation in REDD+ and global forest governance

Throughout the tropics, forests are increasingly devoid of larger mammals - a condition referred to as empty forests. Large mammals and birds fill important roles for forest structure and composition and their depletion have implications for the forests carbon storage capacity. This new article by Focali-member Torsten Krause shows that effects of defaunation are ignored in REDD+, which compromises not only the forest ecosystem function, but also the objectives of the program.

What future for primates? Conservation struggles in the forests  of Cross River State, Nigeria

What future for primates? Conservation struggles in the forests of Cross River State, Nigeria

Human induced faunal loss - defaunation - has been greatly overlooked when it comes to forest conservation and management. This recent study by Focali-members Torsten Krause, Tobias Nielsen and Fariborz Zelli with colleagues, analyzes the impacts of defaunation and associated multi-level governance gaps using Nigeria´s Cross River State forests as a case.

Beyond the borders – burdens of Swedish food consumption due to agrochemicals, greenhouse gases and land-use change

Beyond the borders – burdens of Swedish food consumption due to agrochemicals, greenhouse gases and land-use change

A significant share of Sweden's environmental impact occur overseas. Sweden's large dependency on food imports cause not only tropical deforestation but also a vast use of pesticides. In this new paper, Focali-researchers Christel Cederberg and Martin Persson with colleagues present footprint indicators to measure environmental pressures from Swedish food consumption.

Forests and the climate: Manage for maximum wood production or leave the forest as a carbon sink?

Forests and the climate: Manage for maximum wood production or leave the forest as a carbon sink?

The scientific community represents different viewpoints on forest-climate interactions and how to prioritize to meet the goal of the Paris Agreement. Focali-researcher Göran Berndes is co-authoring this report from KSLA that showcases discussions and conclusions from a conference with the aim of identifying knowledge gaps and priorities for future research and data collection.

Climate Sensitivity of Tropical Trees Along an Elevation Gradient in Rwanda

Climate Sensitivity of Tropical Trees Along an Elevation Gradient in Rwanda

New study from Rwandan researchers together with Focaliresearchers Johan Uddling and Göran Wallin on climate sensitivity of tropical trees along an elevation gradient in Rwanda. The study finds that gas exchange strongly decrease at lower sites in the dry season, which indicates that primary production as well as transpiration would decline in a climate with more pronounced dry periods.

Vast areas in the Brazilian Amazon may lose its protection new study finds

Vast areas in the Brazilian Amazon may lose its protection new study finds

Contestation over the use of land and forest areas in the Amazon have a long history, is heavily influenced by global consumption demands and as often the devil is in the details and paragraphs. A new study published in Nature Sustainability shows that up to fifteen million hectares of land might lose its current protection due to a paragraph in the Brazilian Forest Act, the most important legal framework for nature conservation on privately owned land in Brazil.

New report from the Agroforestry Network: Achieving the Global Goals through Agroforestry

New report from the Agroforestry Network: Achieving the Global Goals through Agroforestry

Agroforestry is a sustainable, proven and efficient land management system, according to the experts behind the report Achieving the Global Goals through Agroforestry, launched on October 1, 2018 in Stockholm, Sweden.

Focali brief: Looking for gender equality in REDD+

Focali brief: Looking for gender equality in REDD+

The consideration of gender issues and women’s rights in REDD+ policy formulation and implementation can be seen as a moral imperative, but it is also based in legal texts and institutional commitments. This new Focali brief, written by Lisa Westholm, provides an overview of the work with gender issues in REDD+ policy making to date, and brings up some key issues relating to gender equality in the design and implementation of REDD+ programs.

Focali Annual Meeting and 10-year Anniversary

Book the 5-(6th) of November for the first ever Focali annual meeting and our 10-year anniversary. We welcome both Focali members and our partners to attend this oportunity to learn from and network w ...

Agricultural Research for Development Conference, Agri4D 2019: Registration open!

There is more than enough food produced in the world to feed everyone but close to 1 billion people are hungry or undernourished, according to the FAO. To feed another two billion people in 2050, food ...

Focalis newsletter

Fill out your name and e-mail and press subscribe.