Bioenergy production and sustainable development: science base for policymaking remains limited

Harvesting Sugarcane Photo: Sweeter Alternative (CC BY-ND 2.0)

Bioenergy production and sustainable development: science base for policymaking remains limited

New article co-authored by Focali member Göran Berndes and the Focali Project Coordinator Maria Ölund published in GCB Bioenergy. The article is based on a systematic review with the aim to analyze the state of knowledge about how the production of bioenergy resources affects sustainable development.


The possibility of using bioenergy as a climate change mitigation measure has sparked a discussion of whether and how bioenergy production contributes to sustainable development. We undertook a systematic review of the scientific literature to illuminate this relationship and found a limited scientific basis for policymaking. Our results indicate that knowledge on the sustainable development impacts of bioenergy production is concentrated in a few well-studied countries, focuses on environmental and economic impacts, and mostly relates to dedicated agricultural biomass plantations. The scope and methodological approaches in studies differ widely and only a small share of the studies sufficiently reports on context and/or baseline conditions, which makes it difficult to get a general understanding of the attribution of impacts. Nevertheless, we identified regional patterns of positive or negative impacts for all categories – environmental, economic, institutional, social and technological. In general, economic and technological impacts were more frequently reported as positive, while social and environmental impacts were more frequently reported as negative (with the exception of impacts on direct substitution of GHG emission from fossil fuel). More focused and transparent research is needed to validate these patterns and develop a strong science underpinning for establishing policies and governance agreements that prevent/mitigate negative and promote positive impacts from bioenergy production.

Read the full article here


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