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Here you can find summaries and links to articles related to Focalis areas of interest.

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New report from the Agroforestry Network: Achieving the Global Goals through Agroforestry

New report from the Agroforestry Network: Achieving the Global Goals through Agroforestry

Agroforestry is a sustainable, proven and efficient land management system, according to the experts behind the report Achieving the Global Goals through Agroforestry, launched on October 1, 2018 in Stockholm, Sweden.

Focali brief: Looking for gender equality in REDD+

Focali brief: Looking for gender equality in REDD+

The consideration of gender issues and women’s rights in REDD+ policy formulation and implementation can be seen as a moral imperative, but it is also based in legal texts and institutional commitments. This new Focali brief, written by Lisa Westholm, provides an overview of the work with gender issues in REDD+ policy making to date, and brings up some key issues relating to gender equality in the design and implementation of REDD+ programs.

Focali brief: Conserving nature on a budget – context matters

Focali brief: Conserving nature on a budget – context matters

This new Focali brief, written by Liv Lundberg and Martin Persson, offers guidance to policy makers on PES program design. Payments for ecosystem services (PES) programs are an increasingly popular policy tool to conserve nature. A recent study conducted by the authors shows that considering context - be it political, economic or geographical - is key in designing PES programs for maximum conservation impact.

New Report: Water for Productive and Multifunctional Landscapes

New Report: Water for Productive and Multifunctional Landscapes

As part of the SIWI/SWH Cluster Group on Water in the Landscape, Focali-researchers Aida Bargués Tobella and Ulrik Ilstedt are co-authors to new report on water for productive and multifunctional landscapes. The report is based on the outcomes of a series of seminars on different themes surrounding issues on water in the landscape, spanning from practical knowledge to governance challenges.

Conserving carbon and gender relations? Gender perspectives on REDD+ and global climate policy

Conserving carbon and gender relations? Gender perspectives on REDD+ and global climate policy

The REDD+ instrument, aimed at conserving tropical forests and its stored carbon, have explicit considerations of gender sensitivity, poverty reduction and respecting local communities embedded in the program. Still, considerations of gender issues tend to be pushed to the future and to side activities specifically directed at women. In this dissertation, Lisa Westholm argues that gender must be considered as a matter of social relations of power that is relevant at all levels of policy making, in order to avoid that policies perpetuate or exacerbate existing inequalities.

Context Matters: Exploring the Cost-effectiveness of Fixed Payments and Procurement Auctions for PES

Context Matters: Exploring the Cost-effectiveness of Fixed Payments and Procurement Auctions for PES

New paper by Focali researcher Martin Persson and colleagues Liv Lundberg, Francisco Alpizar and Kristian Lindgren explores the effectiveness of Payment for Ecosystem Services (PES) program designs to maximize service provision for a given budget. The findings show that context matters and should be taken into serious consideration when a PES program design is chosen.

Scaling up deforestation-free production and trade with jurisdictions

Scaling up deforestation-free production and trade with jurisdictions

This book chapter, written by Focali members Javier Godar and Toby Gardner together with other members of the Trase team, outlines steps to facilitate implementation of supply chains free of deforestation. One key challenge is transparency; seeing who trades forest-risk commodities and when and where they do so. Here, Trase could be part of the solution.

Do national strategies under the UN biodiversity and climate conventions address agricultural commodity consumption as deforestation driver?

Do national strategies under the UN biodiversity and climate conventions address agricultural commodity consumption as deforestation driver?

New publication on whether or not commodity driven deforestation is acknowledged within national strategies to reach UN biodiversity and climate conventions. Evidently, most documents do not link deforestation to commodity production and consumption, which limits the prospects of safeguarding tropical forests and might jeopardize the conventions overall effectiveness. By focali researchers Madelene Ostwald and Sabine Henders together with Vilhelm Verendel and Pierre Ibisch.

Rents, actors and the expansion of commodity frontiers in the Gran Chaco

Rents, actors and the expansion of commodity frontiers in the Gran Chaco

Focali researcher Javier Godar together with nine other researchers has recently published an article on the dynamics of agricultural frontier expansion and how these are formed and shaped, specifically investigating the roles of corporate vs. smallholder driven expansions. The paper sheds light on the ongoing dynamics in the poorly investigated but socio-ecologically very important Gran Chaco region - a deforestation hot spot for soy and cattle production, shared by Bolivia, Argentina and Paraguay.

Global Land Outlook - working paper on energy and land

Global Land Outlook - working paper on energy and land

Focali researcher Göran Berndes is one of the main authors of the Global Land Outlook working paper on energy and land use - one in a series focusing on the land-energy nexus. This paper identifies and compares the land impact of all terrestrial energy forms and provide recommendations on how to deliver a sustainable global energy system - hectare by hectare.

Focali brief: Food security in Sri Lankan homegardens

Focali brief: Food security in Sri Lankan homegardens

New Focali brief where Eskil Mattsson and Madelene Ostwald, together with S. P. Nissanka seek in the literature for evidence and information on the food security link to homegardens; a traditional agroforestry system promoted by the Sri Lankan government.

What is good about Sri Lankan homegardens with regards to food security?

What is good about Sri Lankan homegardens with regards to food security?

New article with agroforestry focus by Focali researchers Eskil Mattsson and Madelene Ostwald, together with S. P. Nissanka. A synthesis of the current scientific knowledge of a multifunctional land-use system in Sri Lanka.

Farming + Forests = Food security: Integrated landscapes offer hope of sustainability in Asian uplands

Farming + Forests = Food security: Integrated landscapes offer hope of sustainability in Asian uplands

This joint Focali/SIANI/SLU Global Policy Brief shows how natural resource management policies and institutions influence livelihoods and food security for communities in upland areas of Thailand, Vietnam and Nepal.

Scenarios for dryland development in West Pokot, Kenya

Scenarios for dryland development in West Pokot, Kenya

This joint Focali and Triple L report by Eric Röhss, Gert Nyberg and Per Knutsson, describes the process and results of a workshop arranged by the Triple-L research initiative, focusing on the development of future dryland scenarios in West Pokot County, Kenya.

Energizing agroforestry: Ilex guayusa as an additional commodity to diversify Amazonian agroforestry systems

Energizing agroforestry: Ilex guayusa as an additional commodity to diversify Amazonian agroforestry systems

Focali member Torsten Krause and colleague Barry Ness has just published a paper on agroforestry and the crop guayusa (Ilex guayusa) in the Ecuadorian Amazon. Guayusa - a native tree of the western Amazon region with leaves used for brewing tea, is grown by indigenous farmers in traditional agroforestry systems.

“Georgetown ain’t got a tree. We got the trees” - Amerindian Power & Participation in Guyana’s LCDS

“Georgetown ain’t got a tree. We got the trees” - Amerindian Power & Participation in Guyana’s LCDS

New paper co-authored by Sam Airey and Focali member Torsten Krause, examines to which extent the indigenous population of Guyana is included within the Guyana’s Low Carbon Development Strategy (LCDS). This single site case study concludes that significant adjustments are needed, e.g. more contextualised governance and decentralising power.

Trees, forests and water: Cool insights for a hot world

Trees, forests and water: Cool insights for a hot world

New paper from Focali members Aida Bargués Tobella and Ulrik Ilstedt together with 20 other authors from different universities, organisations and institutes; e.g. ICRAF, CIFOR, CIRAD and FAO. In this review they study the tree-climate relationships. The authors suggest that the direct effects via rainfall and cooling may be more important than the well-studied effects through the global carbon balance.

Whose Reality Counts? Critical Junctures in Livelihood Trajectories Under Deforestation

Whose Reality Counts? Critical Junctures in Livelihood Trajectories Under Deforestation

New article by Focali member Robin Biddulph and colleague Pelle Amberntsson published in Journal of Economic and Social Geography on livelihood trajectories and deforestation. This study examines livelihood trajectories over two decades in a village affected by deforestation in Northeast Cambodia. The objective was to use quantitative and qualitative methods to identify critical junctures structuring those trajectories. The junctures suggest an analytical framework for understanding deforestation-livelihoods dynamics in other contexts, which can disrupt narrative simplifications associated with community forestry.

Fruits from the forest and the fields: Forest conservation policies and intersecting social inequalities in Burkina Faso’s REDD+ program

Fruits from the forest and the fields: Forest conservation policies and intersecting social inequalities in Burkina Faso’s REDD+ program

New article by Focali member Lisa Westholm published in International Forestry Review analyzes REDD+ documents and data on resource use in two villages in Burkina Faso. The article examines how the participatory approach in Burkina's REDD+ program risks marginalizing certain groups, by failing to recognize how social relations of inequality shape resource use and access.

 Restoring dipterocarp rainforest diversity - tree regeneration, life-history traits and the light factor

Restoring dipterocarp rainforest diversity - tree regeneration, life-history traits and the light factor

Focalimember Malin Gustafsson defended her PhD thesis at Department of Forest Ecology and Management, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences in October. Access the thesis here.

Benefits from ecosystem services in Sahelian village landscapes

Benefits from ecosystem services in Sahelian village landscapes

Focalimember Hanna Sinare defend her academic dissertation for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Natural Resources Management at Stockholm University 11 November. Access the thesis here.

New PLOS collection: Measuring forest conservation effectiveness

New PLOS collection: Measuring forest conservation effectiveness

Scholars and practitioners have repeatedly called for more and better impact evaluation of conservation policies. This new PLOS collection of articles "Measuring Forest Conservation Effectiveness" brings together a series of studies that evaluate the effectiveness of tropical forest conservation policies and programs, such as protected areas, forest law enforcement, payments for ecosystem services, certification, and community-based forest management.

Editorial: May we have some more land use change, please?

Editorial: May we have some more land use change, please?

Focali member Göran Berndes is co-author of this editorial for Biofpr - Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining.

EFI report: Forest biomass, carbon neutrality and climate change mitigation

EFI report: Forest biomass, carbon neutrality and climate change mitigation

Focali member Göran Berndes, Associate Professor Chalmers, is the lead author of a newly published European Forest Institute report that provides insights into the current scientific debate on forest biomass, carbon neutrality and climate change mitigation. It draws on the science literature to give a balanced and policy-relevant synthesis, from both an EU and global perspective.

Heterogeneity and assessment uncertainties in forest characteristics and biomass carbon stocks: Important considerations for climate mitigation policies

Heterogeneity and assessment uncertainties in forest characteristics and biomass carbon stocks: Important considerations for climate mitigation policies

New article written by Focali members Eskil Mattsson, Madelene Ostwald, Göran Wallin and their colleague S.P. Nissanka published in Land Use Policy.

Focali-SIANI policy brief on the key to successful partnerships with forest communities

Focali-SIANI policy brief on the key to successful partnerships with forest communities

Focali member Torsten Krause has written a policy brief within Focali’s thematic collaboration with SIANI. In the policy brief “Building partnerships with forest communities” Krause compiles strategies for establishing effective partnerships with local communities who use or own forest land.

Forests on drained agricultural peatland are potentially large sources of greenhouse gases – insights from a full rotation period simulation

Forests on drained agricultural peatland are potentially large sources of greenhouse gases – insights from a full rotation period simulation

New article co-authored by Focali member Åsa Kasimir published in Biogeosciences. Through a PhD project by Hongxing He funded by the Swedish Energy Agency performed at the department of Earth Sciences at the University of Gothenburg, they show that forest production on drained peat soil is a large source of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere.

Bioenergy production and sustainable development: science base for policymaking remains limited

Bioenergy production and sustainable development: science base for policymaking remains limited

New article co-authored by Focali member Göran Berndes and the Focali Project Coordinator Maria Ölund published in GCB Bioenergy. The article is based on a systematic review with the aim to analyze the state of knowledge about how the production of bioenergy resources affects sustainable development.

Sustainable bioproducts in Brazil: disputes and agreements on a common ground agenda for agriculture and nature protection

Sustainable bioproducts in Brazil: disputes and agreements on a common ground agenda for agriculture and nature protection

New article co-authored by Focali member Göran Berndes published in Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining, 18 March 2016. The work contributed to a three-year project within IEA Bioenergy on Mobilization of sustainable bioenergy supply chains.

Intermediate tree cover can maximize groundwater recharge in the seasonally dry tropics

Intermediate tree cover can maximize groundwater recharge in the seasonally dry tropics

This is the result from a recently published study in Nature Publishing Group journal Scientific Reports by a team of researchers from CIFOR, ICRAF, CATIE and INERA, lead by Associate Professor Ulrik Ilstedt of SLU. Ulrik and three of the researchers behind this study are members of the Focali research network.

Launch event: “Achieving the Global Goals through agroforestry”

To feed a growing population, combat climate change, and preserve biodiversity, there is a need to develop sustainable agriculture systems. Agroforestry is a pathway towards this. But why is it not us ...

Forests, Landscapes and Food Security - a collaboration with SIANI

Focali has, since 2014, collaborated with SIANI under the theme "Forests, Landscapes and Food Security". ...

Focali part of cluster group on Water and Forests at SWH

Since December 2014 is Focali represented as one of five members in the cluster group "Water and Forests" hosted by the Swedish Water House (SWH). ...

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